Canine Distemper Virus (CVD) is a viral disease that affects domestic animals including Pomeranian puppies, Yorkie, Maltipoo puppy and other young dogs between the ages of three to six months. It remains as a major disease for dogs with the highest mortality rate for puppies since they have a weaker immune status than older ones.
CVD is a close relative of measles and rinderpest. It is a single-stranded negative RNA that can cause systemic infection in the host carnivore. It spreads through aerosol droplets and through contact with infected bodily fluids, including nasal and ocular secretions, feces, and urine, six to 22 days after exposure. It can also be spread by food and water contaminated with these fluids.
Its symptoms include fever, runny nose, vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration, excessive salivation, coughing and/or labored breathing, loss of appetite, weight loss, and thickened footpads.
At the most extreme, life-threatening symptoms of CDV include degeneration of the nervous system, deterioration of mental abilities and motor skills, and even seizures, paralysis, reduction in sight and incoordination.
There are vaccines against canine distemper that are mandatory in some territories. Infected dogs should be quarantined from others over a certain period until the virus is destroyed.